لستة الدول السايده

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير

دى لسته بدول العالم اللى ليها سياده على اراضى حكومتها بتتحكم فيها

لستة الدول[تعديل]

إسم و إسم رسمى Membership within the UN System [Note 1] Sovereignty dispute [Note 2] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty [Note 4]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZعضو فى الامم المتحده أو مراقب A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Albania – Republic of Albania A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Andorra – Principality of Andorra A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell,[2] who himself is appointed by the Vatican.
 Angola – Republic of Angola A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Antigua and Barbuda A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[Note 6][3]
 Argentina – Argentine Republic [Note 7] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom.[4] Argentina claims Argentine Antarctica as part of its national territory, officially a department of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, which overlaps with the claims of the UK and Chile.[Note 8][5]
 Armenia – Republic of Armenia A عضو فى الامم المتحده Not recognised by Pakistan[6][7]
 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Australia is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:
 Austria – Republic of Austria A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Austria is a federation of 9 states (Bundesländer).
 Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Azerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note 6] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established.
 Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Barbados A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Belarus – Republic of Belarus A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
 Belize A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Benin – Republic of Benin [Note 9] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Bosnia and Herzegovina A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, and Brčko District, self-governing administrative unit.[Note 10]
Flag of Botswana.svg بوتسوانا – Republic of Botswana A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
 Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
 Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Burkina Faso [Note 12] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar [Note 13][9] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Burundi – Republic of Burundi A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Canada [Note 14] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Canada is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
 Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Central African Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Chad – Republic of Chad A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Chile – Republic of Chile A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.[Note 8]
 China – People's Republic of China[Note 15] A عضو فى الامم المتحده B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[Note 6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

It also claims:

Aksai Chin, controlled by the PRC, is claimed by India as a part of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 18] The PRC is not recognised by 22 عضو فى الامم المتحدهs and the Holy See, which instead recognise the ROC.[Note 19]

China, Republic of (Taiwan) → Taiwan عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Colombia – Republic of Colombia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Comoros – Union of the Comoros A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, currently part of France, as a fourth.[Note 20][10] Comoros also disputes French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser.[4]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa) [Note 21] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Congo, Republic of the (Congo-Brazzaville) A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
ZZZCook Islands → Cook Islands عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Flag of Croatia.svg كرواتيا – Republic of Croatia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Cuba – Republic of Cuba A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus A عضو فى الامم المتحده Not recognised by Turkey and Northern Cyprus Member of the EU.[Note 3] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus".[11]
 Czech Republic [Note 22] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]

The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:

 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Dominican Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [Note 23] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Eritrea – State of Eritrea A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Estonia – Republic of Estonia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
Flag of Ethiopia.svg اثيوبيا – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Ethiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.
 Fiji – Republic of Fiji A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[Note 6][12][13]
 Finland – Republic of Finland A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 France – French Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) are full, integral parts of France.

The French Republic also includes the overseas territories of:

Clipperton Island is a possession of the government. French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.[4]

 Gabon – Gabonese Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Gambia  The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Flag of Georgia.svg جورجيا A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Georgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia.[Note 6] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
 Germany – Federal Republic of Germany A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).
 Ghana – Republic of Ghana A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Greece – Hellenic Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[14]
 Grenada A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Guinea – Republic of Guinea A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف All land west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela.[4]
 Haiti – Republic of Haiti A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Holy See → Vatican City عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Honduras – Republic of Honduras A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Hungary A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Iceland – Republic of Iceland A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 India – Republic of India A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف India is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories. Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China.[4] India claims sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir, but administers only part of it as the federated state of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 18]
 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Indonesia has 3 provinces with official special autonomy status: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Papua, and West Papua.[Note 6]
 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Iraq – Republic of Iraq A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Iraq is a federation[Note 20][15] of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[Note 6]
 Ireland [Note 25] A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]

The Constitution of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a United Ireland by peaceful means.[16]

 Israel – State of Israel A عضو فى الامم المتحده Not recognized by 33 states Israel annexed East Jerusalem, and occupies the Golan Heights[17] and parts of the West Bank. These areas are not internationally-recognised as being part of Israel.[4] Israel no longer has a permanent military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still considered the occupying power under international law.[18][19][20][21][22] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.
 Italy – Italian Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[Note 6]
Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Jamaica A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Japan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Japan disputes Russian administration of the South Kuril Islands.
 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Kenya – Republic of Kenya A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea A عضو فى الامم المتحده B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note 26][23]
 Korea, South – Republic of Korea A عضو فى الامم المتحده B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do.[Note 6][24] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note 26]
ZZZKosovo → Kosovo عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Kuwait – State of Kuwait A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Latvia – Republic of Latvia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Liberia – Republic of Liberia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Flag of Libya.svg ليبيا A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The former government of Muammar Gaddafi, which claims to be the sole legitimate representative of the Libyan people, still has some international recognition (see Foreign relations of the National Transitional Council and Foreign relations of Libya under Gaddafi).
 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
 Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Madagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.[4]
 Malawi – Republic of Malawi A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Malaysia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
 Maldives – Republic of Maldives A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Mali – Republic of Mali A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Malta – Republic of Malta A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note 6] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[4]
 Mexico – United Mexican States A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Mexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.
قالب:Country data Micronesia, Federated States of A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.
 Moldova – Republic of Moldova A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
 Monaco – Principality of Monaco A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Mongolia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Montenegro A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Flag of Morocco.svg المغرب – Kingdom of Morocco A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla and the "Plazas de soberanía".[4]
 Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Myanmar → Burma عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Namibia – Republic of Namibia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Nauru – Republic of Nauru A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:

The monarch and her ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of the country the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer to either one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g., in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.

 New Zealand A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and has responsibilities for (but has no sovereignty over) two freely associated states:

The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 31 and 6 UN members respectively.[25][26][27] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[28] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.

New Zealand has the dependent territories of:

The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part of American Samoa, a territory of the United States.[29] New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.[30]

 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Claims the San Andrés archipelago, currently part of Colombian territorial waters

Nicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note 6]

 Niger – Republic of Niger A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
ZZZNiue → Niue عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
North Korea → Korea, Democratic People's Republic of عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Norway – Kingdom of Norway A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty.

Bouvet Island is a dependent territory of Norway. Norway also claims Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land as dependent territories of Norway.[Note 8]

 Oman – Sultanate of Oman A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Pakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[31][32] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[33][34] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note 18]
 Palau – Republic of Palau A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
ZZZPalestine → Palestine عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Panama – Republic of Panama A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[Note 6]
 Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Peru – Republic of Peru A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Philippines – Republic of the Philippines A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The Philippines contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao[Note 6]. There has been efforts to establish the Cordillera Administrative Region as an autonomous region as well, however in the last referendum of 1998, the people of the Cordillera region voted against the proposition. The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and claims sovereignty over the Macclesfield Bank and Sabah, which is part of Malaysia.[4]
 Poland – Republic of Poland A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Portugal – Portuguese Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[Note 6] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.[4]
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Qatar – State of Qatar A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Romania A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Russia – Russian Federation A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Russia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[Note 6] Sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.
 Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and is a federation [Note 20] of 14 parishes.
 Saint Lucia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Samoa – Independent State of Samoa A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 San Marino – Republic of San Marino A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note 6]
 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Senegal – Republic of Senegal A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Serbia – Republic of Serbia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Serbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[Note 6] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
 Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Seychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory.[4]
 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Singapore – Republic of Singapore A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Slovakia – Slovak Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Solomon Islands A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Somalia is presently divided with its official government (TFG) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the TFG does not recognise),[35]قالب:Request quotation while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 South Africa – Republic of South Africa A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
South Korea → Korea, Republic of عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
قالب:Country data South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف South Sudan is a federation of 10 states. Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.[4]
 Spain – Kingdom of Spain A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities.[Note 6] Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.[4]
 Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Formerly known as Ceylon.
 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Suriname – Republic of Suriname A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Switzerland – Swiss Confederation A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Israel occupies the Golan Heights.[17]
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[Note 6]
 Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[Note 6]
 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
Timor-Leste → East Timor عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Togo – Togolese Republic A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria عضو فى الامم المتحده مافيش خلاف
 Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note 6]
 Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Turkey – Republic of Turkey A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Turkmenistan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Tuvalu A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Uganda – Republic of Uganda A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Ukraine A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Ukraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.[Note 6]
 United Arab Emirates A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.
 United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Member of the EU.[Note 3] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

 United States – United States of America A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف The United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

In addition, there are uninhabited possessions of the United States in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Navassa Island, and Wake Island. The United States also asserts claims to Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank.[4]

 Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[Note 6]
 Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Vatican City – State of the Vatican City A UN observer state A مافيش خلاف Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states.[36] The Holy See is a permanent observer of the UN in the category of "Non-member State"[37] and a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.
 Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
 Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[Note 17] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11][4]
 Yemen – Republic of Yemen A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Zambia – Republic of Zambia A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
 Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe A عضو فى الامم المتحده A مافيش خلاف
ZZZعضو فى الامم المتحدهs and observer states A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ Script error
 Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Tuvalu,[38] Vanuatu, Venezuela,[39] South Ossetia and Transnistria.[40] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
 Cook Islands D Member of some UN specialized agencies A مافيش خلاف A state in free association with New Zealand, recognized by Japan,[41] Netherlands[42] and China.[43] The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[28] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo D Member of some UN specialized agencies B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has قالب:Numrec and the Republic of China. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other عضو فى الامم المتحدهs and non عضو فى الامم المتحدهs continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
قالب:Country data Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[44][45] recognised only by Abkhazia,[46] South Ossetia[46] and Transnistria.[46][47] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[48]
 Niue D Member of some UN specialized agencies A مافيش خلاف A state in free association with New Zealand, recognized by China.[49] Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[28] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus D No membership Claimed by Cyprus Recognised only by Turkey. It has participated as an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation under the name "Turkish Cypriot State" since 1979. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit.[بحاجة لمصدر] Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[50]
قالب:Country data State of Palestine – State of Palestine D Member of one UN specialized agency B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from قالب:Numrec states.[51] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed.[52] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, which has permanent observer status at the United Nations General Assembly as a non-member entity.[37] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO.[53]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Recognised by قالب:Numrec, قالب:Numrec of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
 Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[54][55][56] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[57]
 South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state,[58] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[39] Abkhazia and Transnistria.[40] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[59]
 Taiwan – Republic of China[Note 15] D Former عضو فى الامم المتحده;

Participant in some UN related organizations as "Chinese Taipei"

B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[60] The Republic of China is recognised by قالب:Numrec. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 16] The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei". The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.
 Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester) D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[40] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[61]
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ


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  61. 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.

ملاحظات[تعديل]

  1. This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the United Nations.[1] It also indicates which non-member states participate in the United Nations System through membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency or one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. All United Nations members belong to at least one specialized agency and are parties to the statute of the International Court of Justice.
  2. This column indicates whether or not a state is the subject of a major sovereignty dispute. Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed. Minor territorial disputes are detailed in the Further information.. column.
  3. ^ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 The member states of the European Union have transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, which is an example of supranationalism. The EU has 27 member states.[8]
  4. Information is included on:
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states; see Relationship of the realms.
  6. ^ 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.
  7. The Argentine Constitution (Art. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 The continent of Antarctica, including its outlying islands south of 60°S, are held in abeyance under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty System. Under this treaty, territorial claims in this region are neither recognised nor disputed. Claimant countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom, with all those save Argentina and Chile mutually recognising each others claims.
  9. Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975.
  10. For more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina, see Dayton Agreement and the text of The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (14 December 1995). Office of the High Representative. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, and in part by Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Except for Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  12. Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984.
  13. Burma's official short form name as used by the United Nations is "Myanmar". The government changed the state's official name in English from "Union of Myanmar" to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar" in October 2010.
  14. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion.
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 The People's Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as "China", while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as "Taiwan". The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names.
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC and the ROC withdrew from the UN. Most states recognise the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.
  17. ^ 17.0 17.1 The Chinese sovereignty over the Paracel Islands is disputed by Vietnam and the Republic of China (see List of territorial disputes);
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 18.2 Sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed between India and Pakistan; smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and the PRC. See the List of territorial disputes.
  19. See also Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China.
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 20.2 More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.
  21. Abbreviated as DRC, and also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
  22. A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic
  23. The government of East Timor uses "Timor-Leste" as the English translation.
  24. Åland was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995.
  25. The Irish state is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish the state from the island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
  26. ^ 26.0 26.1 Both North Korea and South Korea claim to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. See also Foreign relations of North Korea and Foreign relations of South Korea.