تشيكيا

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير
الاتحاد الاوروپى
علم الاتحاد الاوروپى

الصفحه دى جزء من سلسلة صفحات عن:
سياسة وحكومة
الاتحاد الاوروپى

Coordinates: 49°45′N 15°45′E / 49.750°N 15.750°E / 49.750; 15.750

جمهورية التشيك
Česká republika
الشعار"Pravda vítězí" (Czech)
"Truth prevails"
النشيدKde domov můj? (Czech)
"Where is my home?"
[a]
مكان  تشيكيا  (dark green)– ف  قارة اوروبا  (green & dark grey)– فى European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
مكان  تشيكيا  (dark green)

– ف قارة اوروبا  (green & dark grey)
– فى European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

العاصمه Prague (Praha)
50°05′N 14°28′E / 50.083°N 14.467°E / 50.083; 14.467
لغه رسميه Czech
Officially recognized
minority languages
Slovak,[1] Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian and Ukrainian[2]
مجموعات عرقيه (2001) 90.5% Czechs,
3.7% Moravians,
1.9% Slovaks,
3.9% others and unspecified[3]
اسم الأهل Czech
نوع الحكومه Parliamentary republic
 -  President Václav Klaus
 -  Prime Minister Petr Nečas
Formation
 -  Principality of Bohemia c. 870 – 1198 
 -  Kingdom of Bohemia 1198–1918 
 -  Czechoslovakia 28 October 1918 
 -  Czech Republic 1 January 1993 
الدخول للاتحاد الاوروپى 1 May 2004
Area
 -  Total 78,866 km2 (116th)
30,450 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2
السكان
 -  2011 estimate 10,535,811[4] (78th)
 -  2001 census 10,230,060 
 -  ‏كثافه سكانيه 133/km2 (84th)
341/sq mi
انتاج محلى اجمالى (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $261.294 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $24,869[5] 
انتاج محلى اجمالى (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $192.152 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $18,288[5] 
Gini (2008) 26 (low) (4th)
HDI (2010) Increase0.841[6] (very high) (28th)
العْمله Czech koruna (CZK)
مجال زمنى CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
المرور على right
رمز الإنترنت .cz³
كود التيليفون +4204
1 30 June 2010 (See Population changes).
2 Rank based on 2009 IMF data.
3 Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.
4 Shared code 42 with Slovakia until 1997.
^ a. Rhetorical question meaning "Those places where my homeland lies".
علم التشيك

تشيكيا او جمهورية التشيك (بالتشيكى : Česká republika;‏ الإختصار: Česko) هي دولة مالهاش سواحل موجوده فى وسط اوروبا و بتحيط بيها بولاندا م الشمال الشرقى و المانيا م الغرب و النمسا م الجنوب و سلوفاكيا م الشرق. و عضو فى الاتحاد الاوروبى من 1 مايو سنة 2004. عاصمة جمهورية التشيك هى براج و لغتها الرسميه هى التشيكى و العمله بتاعتها اسمها كورونا تشيكى.

تاريخ[تعديل]

اقتصاد[تعديل]

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. Slovak language is defined as official language together with Czech language by several laws – e.g. law 500/2004, 337/1992. Source: http://portal.gov.cz. Cited: "Například Správní řád (zákon č. 500/2004 Sb.) stanovuje: "V řízení se jedná a písemnosti se vyhotovují v českém jazyce. Účastníci řízení mohou jednat a písemnosti mohou být předkládány i v jazyce slovenském..." (§16, odstavec 1). Zákon o správě daní a poplatků (337/1992 Sb.) „Úřední jazyk: Před správcem daně se jedná v jazyce českém nebo slovenském. Veškerá písemná podání se předkládají v češtině nebo slovenštině..." (§ 3, odstavec 1). http://portal.gov.cz
  2. Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in front of the courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic). The article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures right of the national and ethnic minorities for education and communication with authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) ensures, that a citizen of the Czech republic, who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, have right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. In case that the administrative agency doesn't have an employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (About The Rights of Members of Minorities) paragraph 9 (The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law) the same applies for the members of national minorities also in front of the courts of law.
  3. CIA – The World Factbook – Czech Republic
  4. Czech Statistical Office estimated czech population on March 31st 2011 (cited June 20th 2011)
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Czech Republic". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
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فيه فايلات فى تصانيف ويكيميديا كومونز عن:
تشيكيا