فينلاندا

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير
جمهورية فينلاندا
  • Suomen tasavalta Invalid language code.
  • Republiken Finland (سويدى)
النشيدMaamme  (Finnish)
Vårt land  (Swedish)
"Our Land"

مكان  فينلاندا  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– فى European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
مكان  فينلاندا  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– فى European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

العاصمه هيلسينكى
60°10′N 024°56′E / 60.167°N 24.933°E / 60.167; 24.933
لغه رسميه Finnish (90.0%)
Swedish (5.4%)
لغات محليه معترف بيها Sami (0.03%)
اسم الأهل Finns, Finnish
نوع الحكومه Parliamentary republic[1]
 -  President Sauli Niinistö
 -  Prime Minister Alexander Stubb (NCP)
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Eero Heinäluoma (SDP)
Legislature Eduskunta
Independence
 -  Autonomy
within Russia
29 March 1809 
 -  Declared
from Soviet Russia
6 December 1917 
 -  First recognized
by Soviet Russia
4 January 1918 
الدخول للاتحاد الاوروپى 1 January 1995
Area
 -  Total 338,424 km2 (64th)
130,596 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 10
السكان
 -  2012 estimate 5,421,827[2] (112th)
 -  2000 census 5,180,000 
 -  ‏كثافه سكانيه 16/km2 (201st)
41/sq mi
انتاج محلى اجمالى (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $195.723 billion[3] 
 -  Per capita $36,236[3] 
انتاج محلى اجمالى (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $266.553 billion[3] 
 -  Per capita $49,349[3] 
Gini (2000) 26.9 (low
HDI (2011) Increase 0.882[4] (very high) (22nd)
العْمله Euro () (EUR)
مجال زمنى EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Date formats d.m.yyyy
المرور على right
رمز الإنترنت .fi, .ax ¹
كود التيليفون 358
1 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. The .ax domain is reserved for the autonomous province of Åland Islands

جمهورية فينلاندا (بالفينلاندى :Suomi ،بالسويدى:Finland) هي دوله نورديه من دول شمال اوروبا و بتحيط بيها السويد م الغرب و روسيا م الشرق و النورويج م الشمال و استونيا من الجنوب على الناحيه التانيه من خليج فينلاندا.عاصمة فينلاندا و اكبر مدينه فيها هى هيلسينكى.

تاريخ[تعديل]

سياسه[تعديل]

فينلاندا من سنة 2000 جمهوريه برلمانيه ليها حكومه مركزيه ف هيلسينكى لكن أبل كده كان نظامها شبه رئاسى[1].

اقتصاد[تعديل]

اقتصاد فينلاندا بيعتمد ع الصناعه و الزراعه و فيها صناعة اليكترونيات كبيره.

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فيه فايلات فى تصانيف ويكيميديا كومونز عن:
فينلاندا

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Formerly a semi-presidential republic, it's now a parliamentary republic according to David Arter, First Chair of Politics at Aberdeen University, who in his "Scandinavian Politics Today" (Manchester University Press, revised 2008), quotes Jaakko Nousiainen in "From semi-presidentialism to parliamentary government" in Scandinavian Political Studies 24 (2) p95–109 as follows: "There are hardly any grounds for the epithet 'semi-presidential'." Arter's own conclusions are only slightly more nuanced: "The adoption of a new constitution on 1 March 2000 meant that Finland was no longer a case of semi-presidential government other than in the minimalist sense of a situation where a popularly elected fixed-term president exists alongside a prime minister and cabinet who are responsible to parliament (Elgie 2004: 317)". According to the Finnish Constitution, the president has no possibility to rule the government without the ministerial approval, and does not have the power to dissolve the parliament under his or her own desire. Finland is actually represented by its prime minister, and not by its president, in the Council of the Heads of State and Government of the European Union. The 2012 constitution reduced the powers of the president even further.
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ – REKISTERITILANNE – 30.09.2012" (in Finnish). Population Register Centre. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Finland". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.  and "Human Development Index trends, 1980–2010". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2010.