اقتصاد ايطاليا

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير


اقتصاد ايطاليا
Palazzo mezzanotte Milan Stock Exchange.jpg
بورصة ميلانو
Rank 8th (nominal) / 10th (PPP)
Currency Euro (EUR), except in Campione d'Italia (CHF)
Fiscal year calendar year
Trade organisations EU, WTO (via EU membership) and OECD
Statistics
GDP $2.055 trillion (2010)[1] (nominal; 8th)
$1.773 trillion (2010)[1] (PPP; 10th)
GDP growth 0.4% (2011)[2]
GDP per capita $35،435 (2009)[3] (nominal; 21st)
$29،109 (2009)[4] (PPP; 27th)
GDP by sector agriculture: 1.8%; industry: 24.9%; services: 73.3% (2010 est.)[5]
Inflation (CPI) 1.4% (2010 est.)
Gini index 36 (2009)[6]
Labour force 25.05 million (2010 est.)[5]
Labour force
by occupation
services (65.1%), industry (30.7%), agriculture (4.2%) (2005)[5]
Unemployment 7,6% (T3 2011)[7]
Main industries tourism, communications, machinery, steel, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, home appliances, clothing, fashion
Ease of Doing Business Rank 87th[8]
External
Exports $458.4 billion (2010 est.)
Export goods engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals, and nonferrous metals
Main export partners Germany 12.6%, France 11.57%, United States 5.92%, Spain 5.69%, United Kingdom 5.13%, Switzerland 4.69% (2009)
Imports $459.7 billion (2010 est.)
Import goods engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, and tobacco
Main import partners Germany 16.68%, France 8.82%, China 6.53%, Netherlands 5.63%, Spain 4.3%, Russia 4.12%, Belgium 4.08% (2009)
FDI stock $405.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
Gross external debt $2.223 trillion (30 June 2010 est.)
Public finances
Public debt 118.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Revenues $960.1 billion (2009 est.)
Expenses $1.068 trillion (2009 est.)
Economic aid donor: $2.48 billion, 0.15% of GDP (2004)[9]
Credit rating Standard & Poor's:[10][11]
BBB+ (Domestic)
BBB+ (Foreign)
AAA (T&C Assessment)
Outlook: Negative
Moody's:[11]
A2
Outlook: Stable
Fitch:[11]
AA-
Outlook: Positive
Foreign reserves US$165.796 billion (March 2011)[12]
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars

اقتصاد ايطاليا هو إقتصاد بيعتمد على صناعات متنوعه و بينتج ناتج محلى إجمالى عالى و سنة 2010 كانت ايطاليا سابع أكبر اقتصاد ف العالم ورابع أكبر اقتصاد ف أوروبا.

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. ^ أ ب خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value). المرجع غلط: وسم <ref> غير صالح؛ الاسم "imf2009gdp-world-eu" معرف أكثر من مرة بمحتويات مختلفة.
  2. خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  3. Data refer to the year 2009. World Economic Outlook Database-April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
  4. Data refer to the year 2009. World Economic Outlook Database-April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
  5. ^ أ ب ت خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  6. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, and a value of 100 absolute inequality. Inequality in income or expenditure / Gini index, Human Development Report 2007/08, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  7. http://dati.istat.it/
  8. خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  9. خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  10. خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  11. ^ أ ب ت خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
  12. خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3595: attempt to call global 'has_invisible_' (a nil value).
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