من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
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- McDougal Littell, (2006)
- Roberts (2006: 143)
- Biesinger (2006: 699): "On August 23, 1942, the Germans began their attack."
- "Battle of Stalingrad". Encyclopædia Britannica. "By the end of August, … Gen. Friedrich Paulus, with 330,000 of the German Army's finest troops… approached Stalingrad. On August 23 a German spearhead penetrated the city's northern suburbs, and the Luftwaffe rained incendiary bombs that destroyed most of the city's wooden housing."