معركة ستالينجراد

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
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Operation Blau: German advances from 7 May 1942 to 18 November 1942 ██ to 7 July 1942 ██ to 22 July 1942██ to 1 August 1942██ to 18 November 1942

معركة ستالينجراد كانت واحده من اهم معارك الحرب العالميه التانيه و حصلت بين يوم 21 اغسطس 1942 و يوم 2 فبراير 1943 [6][7][8][9].

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. أ ب ت Bergström (2007)
  2. أ ب المرجع غلط: اكتب عنوان المرجع فى النُص بين علامة الفتح <ref> وعلامة الافل </ref> فى المرجع hayward98
  3. Bergstrom (2005)
  4. Glantz (1995), p. 134
  5. Гриф секретности снят: Потери Вооружённых Сил СССР в войнах, боевых действиях и военных конфликтах: Стат. исслед. / Г. Ф. Кривошеев, В. М. Андроников, П. Д. Буриков. — М.: Воениздат, 1993. С. 178—182, 369—370. ISBN 5-203-01400-0
  6. McDougal Littell, (2006)
  7. Roberts (2006: 143)
  8. Biesinger (2006: 699): "On August 23, 1942, the Germans began their attack."
  9. "Battle of Stalingrad". Encyclopædia Britannica. By the end of August, … Gen. Friedrich Paulus, with 330,000 of the German Army's finest troops… approached Stalingrad. On August 23 a German spearhead penetrated the city's northern suburbs, and the Luftwaffe rained incendiary bombs that destroyed most of the city's wooden housing. 

ملاحظات[تعديل]

  1. The Soviet front's composition and names changed several times in the battle. The battle started with the South Western Front. It was later renamed Stalingrad Front, then had the Don Front split off from it.
  2. The Front was reformed from reserve armies on 22 October 1942.
  3. This force grew to 1,600 in early September by withdrawing forces from the Kuban region and Southern Caucasus: Hayward (1998), p. 195.