معركة ستالينجراد

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير
معركة ستالينجراد
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-W0506-316, Russland, Kampf um Stalingrad, Siegesflagge.jpg
Soviet soldier waving the Red Banner over the central plaza of Stalingrad in 1943.
Date 23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943
(5 {{{4}}}, 1 weeks and 3 {{{4}}})
Location Stalingrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Result

Decisive Soviet victory

Belligerents

 Germany
 Romania
 Italy
قالب:Country data Kingdom of Hungary

قالب:Country data Independent State of Croatia
 Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders

Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Nazi Germany Erich von Manstein
Nazi Germany Friedrich Paulusقالب:Surrendered
Nazi Germany Hermann Hoth
Nazi Germany Wolfram von Richthofen
Romania Petre Dumitrescu
Romania C. Constantinescu
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Italo Gariboldi
قالب:Country data Kingdom of Hungary Gusztáv Vitéz Jány

قالب:Country data Independent State of Croatia Viktor Pavičić 

Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Soviet Union Nikolay Voronov
Soviet Union A.M. Vasilevsky
Soviet Union Andrei Yeremenko
Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Union K.K. Rokossovsky
Soviet Union Nikolai Vatutin

Soviet Union Vasily Chuikov
Units involved

Nazi Germany Army Group B:

Soviet Union Stalingrad Front

Soviet Union Don Front[Note 1]

Soviet Union South West Front[Note 2]
Strength
Initial:
270,000 men
3,000 artillery pieces
500 tanks
600 aircraft, 1,600 by mid-September (Luftflotte 4)[Note 3][1]
At the time of the Soviet counter-offensive:
1,040,000 men:
(400,000 Germans,
235,000 Italians,
200,000 Romanians,
200,000 Hungarians,
5,000 Croatians)
10,250 artillery pieces
500 tanks
732 (402 operational) aircraft[2]قالب:Rp[3]قالب:Rp
Initial:
187,000 men
2,200 artillery pieces
400 tanks
300 aircraft[1]قالب:Rp
At the time of the Soviet counter-offensive: 1,143,500-2,500,000 men
13,451 artillery pieces
894[4]-4,000 tanks
1,115[2]قالب:Rp aircraft
Casualties and losses
est. 850,000 killed, missing or wounded
including 91,000 captured
900 aircraft (including 274 transports and 165 bombers used as transports)
1,500 tanks
6,000 artillery pieces[1]قالب:Rp
478,741 killed and missing
650,878 wounded and sick
40,000 civilians dead
4,341 tanks
15,728 artillery pieces
2,769 combat aircraft [5]
1 Over 11,000 Axis soldiers continued to fight until early March 1943.
معركة ستالينجراد is located in Russia
معركة ستالينجراد
Location of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) within modern Russia
Operation Blau: German advances from 7 May 1942 to 18 November 1942 ██ to 7 July 1942 ██ to 22 July 1942██ to 1 August 1942██ to 18 November 1942

معركة ستالينجراد كانت واحده من اهم معارك الحرب العالميه التانيه و حصلت بين يوم 21 اغسطس 1942 و يوم 2 فبراير 1943 [6][7][8][9].

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. ^ أ ب ت Bergström (2007)
  2. ^ أ ب المرجع غلط: اكتب عنوان المرجع فى النُص بين علامة الفتح <ref> وعلامة الافل </ref> فى المرجع hayward98
  3. Bergstrom (2005)
  4. Glantz (1995), p. 134
  5. Гриф секретности снят: Потери Вооружённых Сил СССР в войнах, боевых действиях и военных конфликтах: Стат. исслед. / Г. Ф. Кривошеев, В. М. Андроников, П. Д. Буриков. — М.: Воениздат, 1993. С. 178—182, 369—370. ISBN 5-203-01400-0
  6. McDougal Littell, (2006)
  7. Roberts (2006: 143)
  8. Biesinger (2006: 699): "On August 23, 1942, the Germans began their attack."
  9. "Battle of Stalingrad". Encyclopædia Britannica. By the end of August, … Gen. Friedrich Paulus, with 330,000 of the German Army's finest troops… approached Stalingrad. On August 23 a German spearhead penetrated the city's northern suburbs, and the Luftwaffe rained incendiary bombs that destroyed most of the city's wooden housing. 

ملاحظات[تعديل]

  1. The Soviet front's composition and names changed several times in the battle. The battle started with the South Western Front. It was later renamed Stalingrad Front, then had the Don Front split off from it.
  2. The Front was reformed from reserve armies on 22 October 1942.
  3. This force grew to 1,600 in early September by withdrawing forces from the Kuban region and Southern Caucasus: Hayward (1998), p. 195.