قالب:Smallcaps

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{{Smallcaps}} will display the lowercase part of your text as typographical small caps.

This template should be used sparingly, as markup should be kept simple. Ideally, this template should only be used by templates. In particular, it should not be used for any of the following:

  • Name/surname disambiguation; using capitalisation for this purpose is uncommonly-used in English-speaking territories.
  • Markup up acronyms; standard capital letters should be used.
  • All-caps trademarks; these should be presented in regular title case.

Usage[تعديل]

Your source text is not altered in the output, only the way it is displayed on the screen: a copy-paste of the text will give the small caps sections in their original form; similarly, an older or non-CSS browser will only display the original text on screen. This can be seen as a problem, solved with {{sc}}.

Code 
{{Smallcaps|Your Text in 4004 bc}}
Displayed
Your Text in 4004 bc
Pasted 
Your Text in 4004 bc

Notes[تعديل]

  • Diacritics (å, ç, é, ğ, ı, ñ, ø, ş, ü, etc.) are handled. However, because the job is performed by each reader's browser, inconsistencies in CSS implementations can lead to some browsers not converting certain rare diacritics.
  • Use of this template does not generate any automatic categorization. As with most templates, if the argument contains an = sign, the sign should be replaced with {{=}}, or the whole argument be prefixed with 1=. And for wikilinks, you need to use piping. There is a parsing problem with MediaWiki which causes unexpected behavior when a template with one style is used within a template with another style.
  • There is a problem with dotted and dotless I. {{Lang|tr|{{Smallcaps|ı i}}}} gives you ı i, although the language is set to Turkish.
  • When used in templates that support COinS, such as most citation templates, the template markup will be included in the COinS metadata. This means that reference management software such as Zotero will store the markup. For example, if {{smallcaps}} is used to format the name Bloggs, Joe in {{cite journal}}, then Zotero will store the name as <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Bloggs, Joe</span>.

Code examples[تعديل]

Code Display (screen)
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|The ''Name'' of the 2<sup>nd</sup> Game}} The Name of the 2nd Game
Green tickY Leonardo {{Smallcaps|DiCaprio}} (born 1974) Leonardo DiCaprio (born 1974)
Green tickY José {{Smallcaps|Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga}} José Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı}} Nesbø, Vågen, Louÿs, Zúñiga, Kabaağaçlı
When your text uses an = sign:
Red XN {{Smallcaps|You and Me = Us}} {{{1}}}
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|You and Me &#61; Us}} You and Me = Us
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|You and Me {{=}} Us}} You and Me = Us
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|1=You and Me = Us}} You and Me = Us
When your text uses a template:
Red XN in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green{{!}}Green}}}} forever Green}} forever
Green tickY in {{Smallcaps|1=Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Green forever
Green tickY in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's {{Green|Green}}}} forever in Fiddler's Green forever
Green tickY {{Green|1=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} in Fiddler's Green forever
Green tickY {{Colors|green|yellow|3=in {{Smallcaps|Fiddler's Green}} forever}} in Fiddler's Green forever
When your text uses a | pipe:
Red XN {{Smallcaps|Before|afteR}} Before
Red XN {{Smallcaps|1=Before{{!}}afteR}} afteR
Green tickY {{Smallcaps|Before&#124;afteR}} Before|afteR
When your text uses a link:
Red XN [[{{Smallcaps|Mao}} Zedong]] [[Mao Zedong]]
Green tickY [[Mao Zedong|{{Smallcaps|Mao}} Zedong]] Mao Zedong

Comparison of Template:Smallcaps and Template:sc[تعديل]

At the root, {{sc}} is an extension of {{Smallcaps}}: {{sc|Your Text}} is exactly equivalent output-wise to {{Smallcaps|Your Text}}). The differences arise when using the segmented syntax of {{sc}}:

{{Smallcaps}} code Display (screen)
Output (pasted)
Display (screen)
Output (pasted)
{{sc}} code
The {{Smallcaps|Lord}} The Lord
The Lord
The LORD
The LORD
The {{sc|L|ord}}
  or:   The {{LORD}}
Danny {{Smallcaps|DeVito}} Danny DeVito
Danny DeVito
Danny DeVITO
Danny DeVITO
Danny {{sc|DeV|ito}}
Thesis - Advantages of {{sc}} over {{Smallcaps}}
  • {{sc}} is WYSIWYG for the copy-pasted text (or degraded text in older browsers, or text snippet in search engines), no more Easter Eggs: output will still give at least "LORD" or "Lord GOD" or "MAO Zedong" or "BC"/"AD" – whereas Smallcaps outputs "Lord" and "Lord God" (theological errors) or "Mao Zedong" (loss of surname disambiguation) or "bc"/"ad" (incorrect).
  • {{sc}} does not have the browser-dependent problems with uppercasing diacritics: most of the capitalization is done server-side by the dependable {{uc:}} (and if an error was found, it could be easily fixed in a centralized way by fixing the MediaWiki software).
Antithesis - Advantages of {{Smallcaps}} over {{sc}}
  • {{Smallcaps}} has a simpler call syntax, whereas using {{sc}} beyond a synonym for {{Smallcaps}} requires understanding the segment paradigm, especially on extreme cases:
    • José {{Smallcaps|Álvarez de las Asturias de Bohórquez y Goyeneche}}
    • José {{sc|Á|lvarez| de las A|sturias| de B|ohórquez| y G|oyeneche}}
Synthesis - Possible magic word {{sc:}}

However, the only advantage of {{Smallcaps}} is because it relies on the browser parsing the text letter-by-letter, whereas a template such as {{sc}} cannot, and thus need to be told what to do with successive segments.

  • A server-side implementation of a new magic word {{sc:}} (on the model of {{lc:}} and {{uc:}}) would make the syntax easy again such as {{sc:Lord}}, {{sc:God}}, {{sc:Mao}} Zedong, Sinéad {{sc:O'Connor}}, Adolfo {{sc:Bioy Casares}}, or Danny {{sc:DeVito}} (parsing the text based on upper/lower case, as the CSS {{Smallcaps}} does in the browser).
  • Segments would become optional, and available for when additional control is wanted on the copy-paste/degradation output, such as {{sc:D|e|Vito}} (if one wants to output an underlying "DeVITO" instead of "DEVITO", as {{sc:DeVito}} would do).

Reasons to use small caps[تعديل]

Small caps are useful for encyclopedical and typographical uses including:

To lighten ALL-CAPS surnames mandated by citation styles such as Harvard
  • Piccadilly has been compared to "a Parisian boulevard" (Dickens 1879).
  • Dickens, C., Jr (1879). "Piccadilly" in Dickens's Dictionary of London. London: C. Dickens.[1]

Technical[تعديل]

Technically, the template merely wraps the standard:

<span style="font-variant:small-caps;"> ... </span>

(The "font-variant:small-caps;text-transform:lowercase" has not been used because it does not work at least in Internet Explorer 5 and 6, which are still fairly common browsers.)

See also[تعديل]

Alternative template that rewrites the output (copy-paste will get the small-caps as all-caps):

  • {{sc}} – small caps output

Templates that change the display (copy-paste will get the original text):

Magic words that rewrite the output (copy-paste will get the text as displayed):

  • {{lc:}} – lower case output of the full text
  • {{uc:}} – upper case output of the full text
  • {{lcfirst:}} – lower case output of the first character only
  • {{ucfirst:}} – upper case output of the first character only