معركة بواتييه

من ويكيبيديا، الموسوعه الحره
روح على: استكشاف، تدوير
معركة بواتييه
Part of the Umayyad invasion of Gaul
Steuben - Bataille de Poitiers.png
Charles de Steuben's Bataille de Poitiers en octobre 732 depicts a triumphant Charles Martel (mounted) facing Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (right) at the Battle of Tours. The Celtic Cross in the background is an anachronism, such crosses being unknown at the time in the environs of Tours.
Date 10 أكتوبر 732[11]
Location Between Tours and Poitiers, France.[12]
Result Decisive Frankish victory, withdrawal of the Umayyad army.[13][14]
Belligerents

Francia

Umayyad Caliphate

Commanders and leaders
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi 
Strength
Varying estimates 15,000–20,000, although other estimates range from 30,000 to 80,000 [15]

20,000–25,000. Other estimates also range up to 80,000, with 50,000 not an uncommon estimate.[15]


Arab sources: about 50,000 in the beginning of the campaign.
Casualties and losses
Estimated 1,500[بحاجة لمصدر], although sources unclear Estimated 12,000, although sources unclear. Most notably Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi.[16]

معركة تورز او معركة بواتييه (بالفرنساوى: Bataille de Poitiers) حصلت ف شهر أكتوبر سنة 732م في مكان بين مدينة بواتييه و مدينة تور ، وكانت بين جيش الدولة الأموية، بقيادة والى الأندلس عبد الرحمن الغافقي، و قوات الفرنكيين والبورجانديين بقيادة كارل مارتل، وانتهت بانتصارالفرنكيين والبورجانديين وانسحاب جيش الامميين بعد ما عبد الرحمن الغافقى اتئتل. جيش الفرنكيين كسب المعركه بدون سلاح الفرسان

بدايات[تعديل]

بعد غزو ايبيريا واصل المسلمين ف الشمال عبر جبال البرنييه لحد ما وصلو وسط فرنسا و غرب سويسرا. حملة عبد الرحمن الغاقى غزت مدن كتيره لحد ما وصلت بواتيه و جمعت غنايم كتير و إبتدا المحاربين يخافو ع الغنايم اللى جمعوها.

نتايج[تعديل]

كارل مارتل مد سلطته ف الجنوب.

مصادر[تعديل]

  1. ^ أ ب "The state of Islam in Al Andalus", written by Mohammed Abdullah Annan, ((The first era-The first section, from the conquest until the beginning of the era of Al-Nasir)). Fourth edition, published by Khanji library in Cairo. Page 96
  2. Dawn of Al-Andalus, by DR. Hussain Mones, a study of the history of Muslim Spain from the Arab conquest in 711 C.E. till the rise of the Umayyad Emirate of Cordova in 756 C.E., published in Dar Al-Manahel and Al-Asr Al-Hadith, Beirut, Lebanon."First Edition". Page 330
  3. Balat Al-Shuhada, led by Abd Ar-Rahman Al-Ghafiqi, by Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil, published in Dar Al-Fekr, Damascus, Syria, and Dar Al-Fekr Al-Mo-aser, Beirut, Lebanon. "Third Edition". ISBN 1-57547-503-0. Page 34
  4. Balat Al-Shuhada battle, in Islamic and European history, by DR. Abd Al-Fattah Muqallid Al-Ghunaymi, published in Alam Alkotob, Cairo, Egypt. "First Edition". ISBN 977-232-081-9. Page 128
  5. Balat Al-Shuhada, led by Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi, by Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil, published in Dar Al-Fekr, Damascus, Syria, and Dar Al-Fekr Al-Mo-aser, Beirut, Lebanon. "Third Edition". ISBN 1-57547-503-0. Page34
  6. Balat Al-Shuhada battle, in Islamic and European history, by Dr. Abd Al-Fattah Muqallid Al-Ghunaymi, published in Alam Alkotob, Cairo, Egypt. "First Edition". ISBN 977-232-081-9. Page:128
  7. Balat Al-Shuhada, Led by Abd Ar-Rahman Al-Ghafiqi, by Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil, published in Dar Al-Fekr, Damascus, Syria, and Dar Al-Fekr Al-Mo-aser, Beirut, Lebanon. "Third Edition". ISBN 1-57547-503-0. Page 29,30
  8. The Andalusian History, from the Islamic conquest till the fall of Granada 92–897 A.H. (711–1492 C.E.), by Professor AbdurRahman Ali El-Hajji, a professor of the Islamic history at Baghdad University, published in Dar Al-Qalam, in Damascus, and in Beirut. "Second Edition". Page 202
  9. Primary Islamic sources used the name "Franks" to refer to all the nations of Europe except Goths and Romans
  10. Balat Al-Shuhada, led by Abdul Rahman Al-Ghafiqi, by Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil, published in Dar Al-Fekr, Damascus, Syria, and Dar Al-Fekr Al-Mo-aser, Beirut, Lebanon. "Third Edition". ISBN 1-57547-503-0. Page:25
  11. The Andalusian History, from the Islamic conquest till the fall of Granada 92–897 A.H. (711–1492 C.E.), by Professor AbdurRahman Ali El-Hajji, a professor of the Islamic history at Baghdad University, published in Dar Al-Qalam, in Damascus, and in Beirut. "Second Edition". Page:193
  12. The Andalusian History, from the Islamic conquest till the fall of Granada 92–897 A.H. (711–1492 C.E.), by Professor AbdurRahman Ali El-Hajji, a professor of the Islamic history at Baghdad University, published in Dar Al-Qalam, in Damascus, and in Beirut. "Second Edition". Page: 194
  13. The Andalusian History, from the Islamic conquest till the fall of Granada 92–897 A.H. (711–1492 C.E.), by Professor AbdurRahman Ali El-Hajji, a professor of the Islamic history at Baghdad University, published in Dar Al-Qalam, in Damascus, and in Beirut. "Second Edition". Page:198,199
  14. Balat Al-Shuhada battle, in Islamic and European history, by Dr. Abd Al-Fattah Muqallid Al-Ghunaymi, published in Alam Alkotob, Cairo, Egypt. "First Edition". ISBN 977-232-081-9. Page: 77
  15. ^ أ ب Tom oberhofer. "battle of poitiers 729 battle of Moussais, battle of Tours, Charles Martel Eudes of Aquitaine, Abd. er-Rahman, medieval warfare". Home.eckerd.edu. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  16. Hanson, 2001, p. 141.